Art Deco

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30.11.2019

Art deco style in architecture

Art deco originated in architecture at the end of the first decade of the twentieth century, although 1925 is considered to be the time of its appearance, and France is its homeland. In the thirties, the demand for it increased and spread throughout the developed countries. Its source was the synthesis of modernism with neoclassicism, which absorbed cubism, futurism and constructivism mixed with motives of Africa and the East. Further development is well read in high-rise buildings erected in America in the 20-30s at the peak of the popularity of Art Deco. Its solidity and aesthetics became a declaration of the superiority of the New World over Old Europe. It contained a proposal to enjoy life today rather than build the world of the future. In New York, the first modern skyscrapers were built in this style, as well as the Radiator and Barlay-Vezier building, the Champs Elysees theater in Paris by the architect Auguste Perret, the work of Joseph Hoffman’s Stoclet palace, in Moscow and St. Petersburg it can be seen in details of pre-revolutionary buildings, or in the apartment building of the Basseynoye partnership and the Novy Passage shopping gallery. A notable example is the Parisian street built by the famous architect Robert Mallet-Stevens, which was later named after him.

Art Deco is a logical pattern in which bold and ethnically correct forms and patterns are realized in semitones.
There are no bright colors in it, but at the same time there is a rich ornament and chic, expensive materials are used.
It has some similarities with its predecessor, Art Nouveau, only he created something innovative, and Art Deco collected everything that could please its author.
The main emphasis was placed on jewelry and stylized symbolism. Artistic metal has not been spared these changes either.
The main sign of direction has become curls, which are connected to each other at a sharp angle, not growing from one another, but creating a deliberate break in smooth lines.
Clear symmetry in the ornamentation is formed by geometric shapes, zigzags and eclectic touches.

Hardware, doorknobs, and home décor are often cast in lively patinated bronze or forged copper and brass. The surfaces are predominantly matt. Art deco forging is combined with materials such as glass, stone and wood. These combinations are used in interior and furniture design, as well as gates, canopies, balconies and staircases. This style does not like certain stamps, everything in it should be exclusive and premium. African, Arabian and Folk American themes in patterns are performed in strict combination with Cubism, which makes the products extraordinary and one of a kind. An overabundance of decorative items is not welcome here, everything is functional and simple, but at the same time with exceptional taste.

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