The history of the emergence and development of innovative style
Art Nouveau style originated in 1880 almost simultaneously in Western Europe and the United States, and developed until the First World War. Being an innovative art, the style has put into its ideology everything that is beautiful, elegant and multi-genre. This is a time of changes in culture and architecture, the era of the industrial revolution. Forged elements with smooth lines instead of right angles that seem to flow into the overall image, creating a whole picture, began to appear more and more often in house projects. The facades began to be decorated with bas-reliefs with symbolic images and natural silhouettes. In the countries of Europe and America, Art Nouveau had different names.
In the States they called him Tiffany,
in France Metro,
in Germany Jugendstil,
in England Modern style.
This diversity reflected the individuality and originality of each state, and similar trends received different interpretations. The architects tried to create a holistic style in which the architectural solutions of the object and its interior form a single concept. The artist and artisan William Morris applied a combination of spatial arts in the construction of his house, thereby embodying a harmonious environment that personifies his inner peace of mind. His example was followed by the Belgian master Henry Van de Velde. In his Blumenwerf mansion, he was the designer of not only every detail of the building, but also the clothes of his family.
Features of Art Nouveau
The main signs of direction were considered
application in construction and design of modern materials of metal and glass, as well as the latest industrial methods of manufacturing on electrical equipment.
the ornament used natural forms, such as vines and flowers, bird feathers and insect wings, as well as the shells of marine life.
lines and curls imperceptibly flowing into each other, practically do not repeat the pattern along the entire length of the product, which creates a feeling of lightness and grace.
Artistic forging did not stand aside, having lost clarity and laconicism. Bizarre and plastic rounded outlines with obvious asymmetry are now the norm, as is the appearance of a loop-shaped cyclamen stem in the ornament.
Art Nouveau is the first serious step towards the development of abstraction, giving rise to the latest approaches distinguished by their lightness and individuality, marking the onset of great reforms.