Vanguard

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30.11.2019

Independent art style

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, during the times of popular uprisings and riots, when dissatisfaction with everything that was associated with the excessive luxury of the bourgeoisie was so strong that it could not but affect popular culture. Tectonic shifts among the masses served as a powerful impetus for the emergence of something special and original, rejecting all academic canons, giving rise to a unique independent avant-garde style. The name itself arose long before the appearance of the direction and referred to military concepts. So during the revolution in France, a detachment was called, which was supposed to act on the front line, and the main function was to conduct reconnaissance. They investigated the situation and were the first to go on the offensive. Later this term acquired a political connotation and at the end of the nineteenth century became widespread. Avant-gardists are people who build an original completely different world, different from everything that was before, in which the incompatible in the past is combined. In the 1920s in the USSR, they considered it their primary goal to create an unprecedented society of new people with the help of architectural structures erected in the forefront. The brightest representatives Kazimir Malevich and Wassily Kandinsky destroyed templates by inventing an extraordinary language of abstractionism.

Vanguard features

  • Functionality plays an important role here. It creates a special comfort, emphasizing contrast and extraordinary ideas, offering unnatural surreal images.
    The combination in architecture of various trends with all types of art from painting to cinematography creates completely different objects that contradict others.
    Leaving the luxurious bourgeois life to a simple and practical one.

    In St. Petersburg, these were public buildings of the house-commune Kirovsky District Council, Moscow District Council, Ligovsky and Geslerovsky baths, local recreation centers, medical institutions, factories, schools and residential buildings. Buildings in this style can also be found in modern construction in Europe, America, Asia and Africa. Residential complex Iceberg in Denmark, theater in the city of Soweto South Africa, Casa Gomez in Cancun, Mexico.

Avant-garde forging

Artistic forging and metal structures are quite simple, without the usual style solutions, in which they tried to show pomp and wealth. Here are banal geometric shapes that require mainly metalworking methods of metal processing. Everything is based on the convenience of products, creating a contrast of the sizes of lines in the ornament, forming a space through experiment and non-standard concepts. There are no stereotypes here. Interior items of practical use and sculptural compositions can be used as decoration for interior decoration.

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