Deconstructivism should be perceived as a reflection of the humanitarian direction, which appeared thanks to the French philosopher Jacques Derrida. He presented architecture not as art, but as a way to see a building in a fresh interpretation, with a new text that breaks all the rules and recreates the rebellious spirit of renunciation of the established fundamental canons.
It was born in the twentieth century under the influence of constructivism, including the Soviet one, as well as progress in science and technology, which contributed to the emergence of the latest materials in the construction industry.
The style is characterized by its complex, broken and twisted shapes. Due to curved structures, disproportionate walls and sharp corners, buildings in this style are not considered functional and aesthetic. Rather, it is a manifestation of the architect’s personal vision.
Bright representatives of deconstructivism include the Dancing House in Prague, the Disney Concert Hall in Los Angeles, the Guggenheim Museum and the modern wing of the Royal Ontario Gallery in Toronto, as well as the Central Library in Seattle and others. In Russia, it exists in the form of timid attempts, such as the Elizarovsky shopping center in St. Petersburg or the Evolution Tower skyscraper in Moscow, the synagogue in Ufa and the Primorsky Aquarium.
Structures in this style are built with preference for the three main building materials – concrete, steel and glass. In artistic forging, it is not common and is in the underground. The main operating principle is the removal of stamps and complete freedom in breaking the usual figures. Fences are made with a dynamic chaotic pattern, angularity, broken sharp lines and strict geometric configurations. Steel structures, intersecting beams and trusses, stainless steel pipes are widely used.
Sculptural compositions, decor items and furniture made of polished metal with forging elements are unique: tables, chairs, hangers, beds and bookshelves with a lack of logical proportions, whimsical provocative outlines.
Deconstructivism is a relatively young and rather controversial phenomenon in architectural and interior design, and its further development is still unknown. Perhaps he will never go beyond a bold experimental format, occasionally giving birth to original projects that are unlike anything else.