Eclecticism

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01.12.2019

History and review of the Eclectic style

In the era of satiety with classicism, when its aesthetic component had already begun to disintegrate, architects wanted more freedom in their work, innovative moods spread.

Therefore, in 1830, the idea arose to mix several styles at once when creating a new architectural object or interior design, sometimes not even combining with each other. This was the meaning of this direction of art, which received the name eclecticism, which means chosen, selective in translation from Greek. At this time, it appeared as a complex pseudo-style in the construction of large administrative buildings, theaters, transport and industrial structures. Notable examples of eclectic buildings are:

Sevastyanov’s house in Yekaterinburg, which combines neo-Gothic, neo-baroque and neo-Moorish image,
the Church of Saint-Augustin in Paris, built in a Baroque and Romanesque-Byzantine mixture,
among the modern representatives, one can single out the Temple of All Religions in Kazan.

Eclecticism is great for those people who cannot give preference to any particular style, but want to see variety in their project. It is distinguished by its massiveness and fullness, pretentiousness, emphasizes the form of a thing, and not its content. In the design of interior spaces, two or three styles are usually used at once. They are designed to create dramatic contrasts through color saturation, décor and furniture.

Eclecticism in art metal

In artistic forging, eclecticism is very popular, since fences or fences made in several styles at once will suit any home, office, hotel or restaurant, not to mention decorative elements.

in blacksmith’s crafts, the curl again becomes the main decoration of the composition,
the straight lines of the baroque blend beautifully with acanthus leaves, floral patterns, wreaths or ancient Greek military and mythological themes.

Such forged products are born in the free flight of fantasy, when there is no attachment to one genre and there is a desire to complete an ornament in any design that pleases your liking.

Those seeking to absorb the maximum of possibilities, to combine incongruous extravagant and original eclecticism, do not follow the traditions of this or that school, it is self-sufficient and boundless, does not tolerate monotony and is a reflection of the soul of creative personalities.

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