History of futurism
The futuristic trend in architectural art originated at the beginning of the 20th century in Italy thanks to the artistic movement founded by the poet Filippo Tommaso Marinetti. He was the first to sketch a cityscape on paper, proposing a previously unknown concept. Futurism is characterized by the dynamism of curves, which contain the speed of movement and lyricism, as well as the strongest chromatism. In fact, this phenomenon can be considered a mirror application of all previous building foundations. It carries in itself fantasy and anti-historical motives in which clear symmetries of forms can be observed, or their complete absence. Windows, balconies and columns have been replaced with bold lines and maximum dynamics.
Futuristic architecture is the houses of tomorrow, descended from the pages of fantasy novels, an unknown liberated world in which there is no running in a circle of repetitive monotonous design decisions, but only a rapid development up and down, a revolution and rebellion in the outdated life of the stylistic canons of buildings.
Here, preference is given to materials such as glass, metal and plain concrete. The most characteristic structures for this style were erected from the fifties to the seventies of the last century, their construction was influenced by the exploration of space by mankind and reflections on extraterrestrial civilizations. So, on the basis of these ideas, the Jack Langston Library in California, the Thematic Building in Los Angeles, the Brasilia Cathedral, the Sydney Opera House and the Moscow Art Theater in Moscow appeared.
Metal structures play one of the main roles in futurism. The frames of amazing buildings are made in chrome or copper colors, decor items or forged furniture elements complement the interior with cool gray shades. By reflecting light, they visually expand the space, or fill the room with a warm bronze tone. Fences are made without strict stylistic frameworks; in the ornament, both precise symmetry of lines and emphasized asymmetry can be used. It all depends on imagination. Someone wants to see alien flowers from the future in the drawing, while another just intersecting geometric shapes and ideal contours. It is important to show familiar things in a completely new and unusual way.
Here it is necessary to follow the basic rule of using the boundlessness of imagination, to create something unique, something that no one else has done, to show variety and reveal beauty in a balanced movement.