Classicism

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30.11.2019

History of the classic style

Classicism, which in Latin means exemplary, as an artistic direction originated in the seventeenth and developed until the nineteenth century. He returned architecture to the times of antiquity, considering this very period of development to be the standard of harmony, simplicity and monumentality of buildings, in which the correct volumetric forms and planning sequence are preserved.
The style owes its appearance to the bourgeoisie, who considered the Renaissance a relic of the past, and the Rococo and Baroque were overly pretentious and intricate. The basic principles were formed in the last years of the renaissance rule thanks to the Venetian master Palladio. Later, the concept became popular throughout Europe, as it was decided that for the construction of large buildings, town halls, temples and churches, such a vision is the most relevant.

Simple geometry, alternation of horizontal and vertical lines are the main characteristic features of the style, in which precise planning of the space helps to create a unique symmetrical image of decoration using monumental arches and rectangular structures.

The most famous buildings built in this style include the Villa Rotunda near Vicenza, London’s Osterley Park mansion, Pashkov House, which became the Russian State Library, Anichkov Palace, the Admiralty in St. Petersburg and the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow.

Classic in metal

In blacksmith’s products, we observe the severity and laconicity of details borrowed from Ancient Rome, with a measured, clear rhythm. Referring to the sculpturality, in the massive fences the spear-shaped pommel on the rods, graphic contours and complete harmony with the architectural ensemble, like the fence of the Cathedral of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God, again dominate. The composition is dominated by meanders with angles broken at 90 degrees, as well as circles and rectangles with rosettes inscribed in them. The drawing widely uses floral themes, bunches and vines of grapes, various flowers and acanthus, spears and wreaths reminiscent of the power of the empire, patterns and exquisitely made leaves and volutes. Cast and forged elements are often used in such fences. Decor and furniture items are made with the same harmonious and neat ornament with the addition of old motives.

As a follower of the ancient Greek and Roman schools, classicism is perfect in its works, it is a bright representative of impeccable taste.

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