The loft style originated in the United States in the forties of the twentieth century, when it was decided to move all the factories of New York outside the city and this idea would be quite successful, if not one, but in the center there were huge production areas empty. For a small rent, they were rented out to people of art, who, from free premises, equipped themselves with workshops for work and living, later the very furnishings of the buildings were not transformed by new renovations, but changed due to decoration and design solutions, developing into a new, democratic and absolutely free style. Such a stylistic innovation in the fifties was to the taste of the rich inhabitants of America, and later on the European part of the population. Thus, a whole culture was formed, going far beyond the meaning of the word loft, which is translated from English as attic.
The style is characterized by freedom and minimalism, there is no place for pretentiousness and excess, it shows how harmonious an interior can be with simple and laconic details. In spacious rooms with high ceilings and large windows, everything is kept to a minimum, the areas are separated by interior items such as metal shelving and whatnots. The spiral and flight staircase, as an attribute, is made entirely of metal, and less often combined with wood or glass. Here, a combination of incongruous, old brick walls, metal pipes, ventilation is mixed with new materials and modern decoration techniques, here vintage gets along well with the latest decor items.
The loft is saturated with metal. Forged massive and heavy objects with rivets are distinguished by their simplicity and practicality. There is no longer the usual filigree ornament, curls or floral patterns, on the contrary, straight geometric shapes, often already finished products such as pipes, iron corners, chains, everything that can be found among the discarded scrap metal. Steel items are combined with solid wood, huge slabs and glass, giving the items a special strength and brutality.
Much attention is paid to the arrangement of dominants and composition elements. Today, more and more such furniture is purchased for bars, restaurants, cafes and hotels, as well as for fashionable office spaces. A loft is a phenomenon that unites protest and freedom without borders, the gloss of a metropolis and the atmosphere of an industrial suburb, where there are no strict stylistic canons, but you can give free rein to your imagination by abandoning the rules. Here they give a second life to unnecessary and forgotten things thrown into scrap metal. A wonderful floor lamp or a creative hanger is made from the levers of a car, and a chain with gears from an old bike is reborn into a wall clock.
The loft came to Russia in the two thousandth, having passed a significant path of evolution and development before that. It has taken root in both commercial and residential interiors. Among the prominent representatives of this trend, popular buildings in Moscow are Artplay and Park Mira, and in St. Petersburg, the ArtMuse Museum of Contemporary Art.
Today the loft is at the peak of its popularity. This rather democratic style will appeal to owners of office space and housing.