A new direction of architectural art
In the middle of the 18th century in France, during the development of the Baroque style, a new direction of architectural art, Rococo, was born, which took its name from the French word rocaille, which means crushed stone, decorative shell, shell. Leaving aside bombast and splendor, he strives to be light and playful, without strict symmetry, erasing straight lines and flat surfaces. The decorative elements of the Baroque era are becoming more refined and filigree.
Rococo in art metal
Changes are also taking place in the artistic processing of metal. It began to be used on a large scale for small forms, balconies, lanterns, small decorative items.
The ornament in the drawing becomes asymmetrical, the acanthus leaf loses its dominance, acquires a flexible and elastic form, becoming thinner and less noticeable.
Flowers, buds, garlands fill all the free space of the picture.
The French architect François Blondel is the first to use a combination of materials in forging, such as adding bronze elements to products, but also painting the rods green.
Precise filigree leads to the loss of monumentality and ceremonial pomp.
Rococo was a favorite style of Louis 14. Despite the fact that his era was short-lived, objects, monuments, architectural solutions of this style, such as the wrought iron grates at the tombstone of the king in Notre Dame de Paris, the famous architect of that time, Jean Lamour, remained throughout Europe. His highly decorative works can be found in Chantau and Commerce in Luneville. Rococo forged products are widely represented in Austria, Czech Republic, Germany. Forging is also widely used in church interiors, dominating in small details, such as handles on doors, candlesticks and rings.
Many believe that in Rococo, artistic forging loses its independence, becoming only a part of a product, but the works of German, Austrian and Russian masters refute this. During this period, blacksmithing begins to acquire new opportunities and forms the platform for the birth of modernist movements.